Batteries and Portable Power

Backup Power Controller and Supercap Charger/Monitor IC

Linear Technology Corporation has introduced the LTC3350, a supercapacitor charger and backup controller IC that includes all of the features necessary to provide a complete, standalone capacitor-based backup power solution. Many applications require reliable short-term uninterrupted power in the event of a main power failure. Examples include data backup for solid state drives (SSDs) and nonvolatile dual in-line memory modules (NVDIMMs), power fail alarms in medical and industrial applications, as well as a host of other “dying gasp” power fail indicators. The LTC3350 provides all PowerPath™ control, capacitor stack charging and balancing, and capacitor “health” monitoring to ensure that the backup system is capable of reliable operation.

The LTC3350 features a wide 4.5V to 35V input voltage range and over 10A of charge/backup current capability. The device also provides balancing and overvoltage protection for a series stack of one to four supercapacitors. The LTC3350's synchronous step-down controller drives N-channel MOSFETs for constant current/voltage charging of the capacitor stack at up to 5V per cell. In backup mode, the step-down converter runs in reverse as a synchronous step-up dc-dc to deliver power from the supercapacitor stack to the system supply to be backed up.

The LTC3350's dual ideal diode controller uses N-channel MOSFETs for low loss power paths from the input and supercapacitors to the backup system supply. The device is suited for high current 12V ride-through supplies and short-term uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) for servers, mass storage and high availability systems.

The LTC3350 contains an accurate 14-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC), which continuously monitors input and output voltage and current. In addition, the internal measurement system monitors parameters associated with the backup capacitors themselves, including capacitor stack voltage, capacitance and stack ESR (equivalent series resistance) to ensure adequate energy storage and power delivery during backup.

By monitoring the actual capacitance of the backup supercapacitors, the LTC3350 provides longer capacitor life by enabling the system to set the capacitor voltage to a minimum value while ensuring the required backup energy is maintained. All system parameters and fault status can be monitored via a two-wire IC interface, and alarm levels can be set to alert the system to a sudden change in any of these measured parameters.

The LTC3350 is available in a thermally enhanced 38-lead, low-profile (0.75mm) 5mm x 7mm QFN package. The device operates over a -40 to 125 degrees C junction temperature range and is available from stock. Pricing starts at $5.25 each for the E grade in 1,000-piece quantities.

Linear Technology Corporation
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